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Lifeng Zhang, Xianlei Fu and Prof. Guohua Gao Anion–Cation Cooperative Catalysis by Ionic Liquids ChemCatChem 3

Version of Record online: 7 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201100016

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Cooperative Catalysis: Cations and anions of ionic liquids cooperatively activate electrophiles and nucleophiles. The cations activate electrophiles through the hydrogen-bond interaction with the carbonyl group, and the anions activate nucleophiles by accepting the hydrogen bond.

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