Joshua E. Muscat, Kwangmi Ahn, John P. Richie Jr and Steven D. Stellman Nicotine dependence phenotype, time to first cigarette, and risk of head and neck cancer Cancer 117
Article first published online: 8 AUG 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/cncr.26235
The time to first cigarette after waking is a nicotine dependence behavior associated with nicotine uptake. The results of the current study demonstrate that it is a significant predictor of head and neck cancer risk.
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