J-P. V. Pelteret and B. D. Reddy Computational model of soft tissues in the human upper airway International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering 28
This paper presents an anatomically realistic three-dimensional finite element model of the tongue and surrounding soft tissues with potential application to the study of sleep apnoea. An active Hill three-element muscle model was used to represent the muscular tissue of the tongue, and a genetic algorithm-based neural control model is developed to control movement. It is demonstrated that the neural model is able to control the position of the tongue and produce a physiologically realistic response for the genioglossus under breathing-induced loading conditions.
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