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J-P. V. Pelteret and B. D. Reddy Computational model of soft tissues in the human upper airway International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering 28

Article first published online: 17 JAN 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/cnm.1487

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This paper presents an anatomically realistic three-dimensional finite element model of the tongue and surrounding soft tissues with potential application to the study of sleep apnoea. An active Hill three-element muscle model was used to represent the muscular tissue of the tongue, and a genetic algorithm-based neural control model is developed to control movement. It is demonstrated that the neural model is able to control the position of the tongue and produce a physiologically realistic response for the genioglossus under breathing-induced loading conditions.

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