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Dr. Reetta Karinen, Kati Vilonen and Prof. Dr. Marita Niemelä Biorefining: Heterogeneously Catalyzed Reactions of Carbohydrates for the Production of Furfural and Hydroxymethylfurfural ChemSusChem 4

Article first published online: 4 JUL 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201000375

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Biomass is no longer only a raw material for traditional mechanical or chemical conversion, but also a feedstock for biorefineries. Furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural are important biorefinery building blocks. The efficient synthesis of them, consistent with the principles of green chemistry, could rely on active and stable water-tolerant solid acid catalysts. This Review describes recent progress in this area.

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