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Louise A. McKenzie, Emma L. Johnston and Robert Brooks Using clones and copper to resolve the genetic architecture of metal tolerance in a marine invader Ecology and Evolution 2

Version of Record online: 28 MAY 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.241

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The global spread of invasive species may be facilitated by adaptation to the metal-based antifouling biocides on ship hulls humans use to manage those species. We tested this idea by studying clonal variation in tolerance to, and ability to recover from, exposure to copper in a widespread invasive marine bryozoan, Watersipora subtorquata. Overall the genetic variation within this population indicates that there is considerable potential for adaptation to copper, but this comes at a cost to growth in unpolluted environments.

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