Samuel M. Scheiner, Michael Barfield and Robert D. Holt The genetics of phenotypic plasticity. XI. Joint evolution of plasticity and dispersal rate Ecology and Evolution 2
In a spatially heterogeneous environment, the rate at which individuals move among habitats affects whether selection favors phenotypic plasticity or genetic differentiation, with high dispersal rates favoring trait plasticity. We examined the effects of their joint evolution on selection for plasticity using an individual-based computer simulation model. When dispersal rate and trait plasticity evolve jointly, the system tends to dichotomous outcomes of either high trait plasticity and high dispersal, or low trait plasticity and low dispersal.
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