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Ben P. Harvey, Dylan Gwynn-Jones and Pippa J. Moore Meta-analysis reveals complex marine biological responses to the interactive effects of ocean acidification and warming Ecology and Evolution 3

Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.516

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Meta-analysis of the impacts of ocean acidification and warming for marine organisms demonstrates that these combined stressors generally led to stronger effects than when experienced in isolation. Moreover, the interaction of ocean warming and acidification led to synergistic effects for the majority of biological responses investigated. Such outcomes highlight the need to include multiple stressors in the development of effective adaptive management strategies, at the same time as highlighting some of the difficulties that need to be overcome to achieve this.

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