Andrew J. Tanentzap, James Zou and David A. Coomes Getting the biggest birch for the bang: restoring and expanding upland birchwoods in the Scottish Highlands by managing red deer Ecology and Evolution 3
Predicting the outcome of deer culling, aimed at improving habitat conservation value, is difficult. We develop the first spatially explicit simulation model to predict the functional responses of birch (Betula spp.) woodland to land management in the Scottish Highlands. Our results show that managers interested in maximizing tree regeneration must consider the impacts of large herbivores rather than their densities, in addition to improving ground cover for seedling establishment.
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