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Hannah S. Mumby, Alexandre Courtiol, Khyne U. Mar and Virpi Lummaa Birth seasonality and calf mortality in a large population of Asian elephants Ecology and Evolution 3

Version of Record online: 11 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.746

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Asian elephants inhabit seasonal environments, but are able to reproduce throughout the year and working elephants also face a seasonal work schedule. We show conceptions peak in the annual rest season and calves conceived in this period also have higher survival rates between the ages of 1 and 5 years. Our results have implications for improving the birth rate and infant survival in captive populations, and for potentially preventing further capture from the wild.

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