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Dan A. Smale, Michael T. Burrows, Pippa Moore, Nessa O'Connor and Stephen J. Hawkins Threats and knowledge gaps for ecosystem services provided by kelp forests: a northeast Atlantic perspective Ecology and Evolution 3

Article first published online: 15 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/ece3.774

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The kelp dominated ecosystems of the northeast Atlantic are unique and provide a wealth of goods and services to regional and centralized human populations. However, compared to other regions, such as North America and Australasia, NE Atlantic kelp ecosystems have been understudied in recent decades, resulting in extensive knowledge gaps and insufficient understanding of ecological responses to rapid environmental change.

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