Scott A. Fabricant and Carolynn L. Smith Is the hibiscus harlequin bug aposematic? The importance of testing multiple predators Ecology and Evolution 4
We tested the defenses of the aposematically colored hibiscus harlequin bug against multiple predatory taxa. We predicted based on the literature that arthropods would be repelled while defenses would not be effective against birds. Experiment showed the opposite pattern, wherein birds learned avoidance and predaceous arthropod were unaffected.
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