Edgar Corneille Ontsouka, Iwan Anton Burgener, Nicole Luckschander-Zeller, Jürg Walter Blum and Christiane Albrecht Fish-meal diet enriched with omega-3 PUFA and treatment of canine chronic enteropathies European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 114
Box-plots showing mRNA levels of the in?ammatory status markers IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α measured by real-time quantitative PCR in biopsies from the duodenum of dogs with FRD and IBD, before and after dietary treatment. Tissues from healthy dogs served as controls. The gene expression in the colon was used as an internal control and served for the calibration of the gene expression in the duodenum.
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