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Wenju Cai and Tim Cowan Why is the amplitude of the Indian Ocean Dipole overly large in CMIP3 and CMIP5 climate models? Geophysical Research Letters 40

Article first published online: 28 MAR 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50208

Key Points

  • Climate models, including CMIP5, simulate too strong an amplitude of the IOD
  • The IOD amplitude is controlled by an unrealistic mean tilt in the thermocline
  • Alleviating this bias will help reduce uncertainty in climate projections

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