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Liying Qian, Alan G. Burns, Stanley C. Solomon and Wenbin Wang Annual/semiannual variation of the ionosphere Geophysical Research Letters 40

Version of Record online: 30 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50448

Key Points

  • Turbulent mixing in the mesopause drives composition change in the thermosphere
  • The turbulent mixing shows seasonal changes
  • Composition change drives the annual/semiannual variation in the ionosphere

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