Ikumi Tamura, Kei-ichiro Kagota, Yusuke Yasuda, Saori Yoneda, Junpei Morita, Norihide Nakada, Yutaka Kameda, Kumiko Kimura, Norihisa Tatarazako and Hiroshi Yamamoto Ecotoxicity and screening level ecotoxicological risk assessment of five antimicrobial agents: triclosan, triclocarban, resorcinol, phenoxyethanol and p-thymol Journal of Applied Toxicology 33
Acute and chronic (or sub-chronic) toxicity of five selected antimicrobial agents, triclosan, triclocarban, resorcinol, phenoxyethanol and p-thymol, was investigated using green algae, daphnia and fish. Having compared the predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) determined from the toxicity data with measured environmental concentrations (MEC), a preliminary ecological risk assessment of these antimicrobials was conducted. The MEC/PNEC ratios were >1 for triclosan and triclocarban for some sites but were <0.1 for the other compounds in most cases.
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