Stefanos Karampelas, Marie Wörle, Katja Hunger and Hanspeter Lanz Micro-Raman spectroscopy on two chalices from the Benedictine Abbey of Einsiedeln: Identification of gemstones Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 43
The gems that adorn two golden chalices from Einsiedeln Abbey (Switzerland) crafted on 1609 and 1629 were investigated using Raman spectroscopy and other non-destructive means. The chalice made in 1609 was adorned with 16 corundum (15 rubies and 1 sapphire), four garnets (two almandine and two grossular), seven quartzes (six amethysts and one citrine) and one peridot (forsterite olivine) and saltwater pearls. The chalice crafted in 1629 was adorned with 23 diamonds.
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