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B. Lüssem, M. Riede and K. Leo Doping of organic semiconductors physica status solidi (a) 210

Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/pssa.201228310

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Molecular doping of organic semiconductors has become the key enabling technology for highly efficient and long-living organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and made them commercially viable. Other areas of application such as OLED lighting and organic photovoltaics are on the verge of broad commercialization. Again, molecular doping offers many advantages here. However, electrical doping of organic semiconductors, i.e. the controlled adjustment of Fermi level that has been extremely important to the success of inorganic semiconductors, is still in its infancy. This review discusses recent work on both fundamental principles and applications of doping, focused primarily to doping of evaporated organic layers with molecular dopants.

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