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M. V. Klimenko, V. V. Klimenko, K. G. Ratovsky, L. P. Goncharenko, Y. Sahai, P. R. Fagundes, R. de Jesus, A. J. de Abreu and A. M. Vesnin Numerical modeling of ionospheric effects in the middle- and low-latitude F region during geomagnetic storm sequence of 9–14 September 2005 Radio Science 46

Version of Record online: 27 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1029/2010RS004590

Key Points

  • Nonuniform in height zonal electric field forms the additional layers
  • Geomagnetic storms affect the additional layers in the equatorial ionosphere
  • GSM TIP model

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