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Thomas A. Douglas, Florent Domine, Manuel Barret, Cort Anastasio, Harry J. Beine, Jan Bottenheim, Amanda Grannas, Stephan Houdier, Stoyka Netcheva, Glenn Rowland, Ralf Staebler and Alexandra Steffen Frost flowers growing in the Arctic ocean-atmosphere–sea ice–snow interface: 1. Chemical composition Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Version of Record online: 9 FEB 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016460

Key Points

  • Brine and frost flowers on sea ice have interactions with the lower atmosphere
  • Frost flowers have some predictable and some unpredictable chemical composition
  • Changing sea ice regimes likely mean more brine and frost flowers in the future

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