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O.-K. Kvissel, Y. J. Orsolini, F. Stordal, I. S. A. Isaksen and M. L. Santee Formation of stratospheric nitric acid by a hydrated ion cluster reaction: Implications for the effect of energetic particle precipitation on the middle atmosphere Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Article first published online: 17 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2011JD017257

Key Points

  • Production of HNO3 by conversion of N2O5 upon hydrated ion clusters
  • Improved seasonal evolution of HNO3 compared to MLS observations
  • Feedbacks involving O3 lead to a weaker polar vortex in spring and summer

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