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S. Mallick, V. A. Rakov and J. R. Dwyer A study of X-ray emissions from thunderstorms with emphasis on subsequent strokes in natural lightning Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017555

Key Points

  • Subsequent leaders produce more X-rays than first ones
  • Individual photon energy may exceed 5 MeV
  • Runaway breakdown is not a necessary feature of leaders

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