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S. Yoshida, C. J. Biagi, V. A. Rakov, J. D. Hill, M. V. Stapleton, D. M. Jordan, M. A. Uman, T. Morimoto, T. Ushio, Z.-I. Kawasaki and M. Akita The initial stage processes of rocket-and-wire triggered lightning as observed by VHF interferometry Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Version of Record online: 15 MAY 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017657

Key Points

  • Charge transfer processes associated with initial continuing current are shown
  • Separate in-cloud leaders can cause current pulses as well as recoil leaders
  • Separate in-cloud leaders can also cause bipolar lightning

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