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C. I. Garfinkel, A. H. Butler, D. W. Waugh, M. M. Hurwitz and L. M. Polvani Why might stratospheric sudden warmings occur with similar frequency in El Niño and La Niña winters? Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Article first published online: 4 OCT 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012JD017777

Key Points

  • EN and LN cause more frequent SSW despite having opposite effects in winter-mean
  • ENSO teleconnections are consistent with this seeming paradox
  • Model differences in ENSO-SSW frequency are related to modeled teleconnections

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