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Tom A. Warner, Kenneth L. Cummins and Richard E. Orville Upward lightning observations from towers in Rapid City, South Dakota and comparison with National Lightning Detection Network data, 2004–2010 Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012) 117

Version of Record online: 5 OCT 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018346

Key Points

  • Summer season upward positive leaders triggered by nearby +CG flashes
  • Impulsive connections by recoil leaders that form on cutoff upward branches
  • Less than half upward positive leaders produced NLDN-indicated impulsive events

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