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Athanasios Koutavas and Stephan Joanides El Niño–Southern Oscillation extrema in the Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum Paleoceanography 27

Article first published online: 15 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012PA002378

Key Points

  • Holocene and LGM ENSO were reconstructed from individual foraminifera
  • Maximum and minimum ENSO activity occurred in the LGM and Mid-Holocene
  • Shifts in variability were accompanied by coordinated shifts in the mean state

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