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M. A. Abdu, I. S. Batista, B. W. Reinisch, J. W. MacDougall, E. A. Kherani and J. H. A. Sobral Equatorial range spread F echoes from coherent backscatter, and irregularity growth processes, from conjugate point digital ionograms Radio Science 47

Version of Record online: 12 DEC 2012 | DOI: 10.1029/2012RS005002

Key Points

  • Equatorial spread F echoes in ionograms by coherent backscatter
  • Spread F intensity can be quantified by the top frequency of the spread F trace
  • Strong asymmetry in the spread F intensity between conjugate points

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