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Lisa K. Schwarz, Michael E. Goebel, Daniel P. Costa and A. Marm Kilpatrick Top-down and bottom-up influences on demographic rates of Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella Journal of Animal Ecology 82

Article first published online: 27 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12059

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While many studies of polar bird and mammalian species focus on the bottom-up effects of environmental change, impacts of predation are often overlooked. Although adult demographic rates are correlated with environmental variability, predation on pups appears to drive the current decline of an Antarctic fur seal colony.

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