Doreen Gabriel, Steven M. Sait, William E. Kunin and Tim G. Benton Food production vs. biodiversity: comparing organic and conventional agriculture Journal of Applied Ecology 50
Our results indicate that considerable gains in biodiversity require roughly proportionate reductions in yield in highly productive agricultural systems. They suggest that conservation efforts may be more cost effective in low-productivity agricultural systems or on non-agricultural land. In less productive agricultural landscapes, biodiversity benefit can be gained by concentrating organic farms into hotspots without a commensurate reduction in yield.
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