John A. Finn, Laura Kirwan, John Connolly, M. Teresa Sebastià, Aslaug Helgadottir, Ole H. Baadshaug, Gilles Bélanger, Alistair Black, Caroline Brophy, Rosemary P. Collins, Jure Čop, Sigridur Dalmannsdóttir, Ignacio Delgado, Anjo Elgersma, Michael Fothergill, Bodil E. Frankow-Lindberg, An Ghesquiere, Barbara Golinska, Piotr Golinski, Philippe Grieu, Anne-Maj Gustavsson, Mats Höglind, Olivier Huguenin-Elie, Marit Jørgensen, Zydre Kadziuliene, Päivi Kurki, Rosa Llurba, Tor Lunnan, Claudio Porqueddu, Matthias Suter, Ulrich Thumm and Andreas Lüscher Ecosystem function enhanced by combining four functional types of plant species in intensively managed grassland mixtures: a 3-year continental-scale field experiment Journal of Applied Ecology 50
Article first published online: 22 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12041
The design of grassland mixtures is relevant to farm-level strategies to achieve sustainable intensification. Experimental evidence indicated significant yield benefits of four species agronomic mixtures which yielded more than the highest-yielding monoculture at most sites. The results are relevant for agricultural practice and show how grassland mixtures can be designed to improve resource complementarity, increase yields and reduce weed invasion. The yield benefits were robust to considerable changes in the relative proportions of the four species, which is extremely useful for practical management of grassland swards.
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