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Aline Fauser-Misslin, Ben M. Sadd, Peter Neumann and Christoph Sandrock Influence of combined pesticide and parasite exposure on bumblebee colony traits in the laboratory Journal of Applied Ecology 51

Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12188

Our findings reiterate that dietary exposure to neonicotinoids can impact on bumblebee colony performance and fitness. The indication of combined negative effects of ecologically relevant pressures suggests additional adverse consequences for long-term population dynamics under complex field conditions. To help safeguard pollinator health, whole life-cycle fitness assessments, particularly for non-Apis bees, stringently incorporating chronic and sublethal side effects of pesticides, as well as interactions with common natural stressors, such as prevalent parasites, should be considered in the corresponding test guidelines.

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