Jeffrey van Lent, Juan C. Hernández-Barrios, Niels P. R. Anten and Miguel Martínez-Ramos Defoliation effects on seed dispersal and seedling recruitment in a tropical rain forest understorey palm Journal of Ecology 102
Chronic and intense defoliation (right palm drawing) affects negatively seed production in the understorey palm Chamaedorea ernesti-augustii. Seed dispersal by birds compensates seedling recruitment in sterile populations. Persistence of seed sources is critical for the demographic viability and genetic variability of populations under natural and human induced defoliation regimes.
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