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Judith R. Homberg, Peter Karel and Michel M. M. Verheij Individual differences in cocaine addiction: maladaptive behavioural traits Addiction Biology 19

Version of Record online: 25 JAN 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/adb.12036

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Cocaine use leads to addiction in only a subset of individuals, particularly those displaying high impulsivity and high anxiety. However, neither impulsivity nor anxiety are bad per se. We propose the new view that organisms flourish well when they fit their environment by trait and genotype. However, under non-fit conditions, the need to compensate the failure to deal with this environment increases, and, as a consequence, the functional use of rewarding drugs like cocaine may increase.

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