Yoshio Sakurai and Susumu Takahashi Conditioned enhancement of firing rates and synchrony of hippocampal neurons and firing rates of motor cortical neurons in rats European Journal of Neuroscience 37
We examined the ability of closely neighboring groups of neurons in the motor cortex and hippocampus to enhance their activities by neuronal operant conditioning. The firing rates of motor cortical and hippocampal neuron groups increased rapidly and contingency of reward on firing synchrony resulted in selective enhancement of firing synchrony of only hippocampal neuron pairs. The conditioning enhanced the firing rates and synchrony of only some neurons and neuron pairs in each group.
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