Olivier A. Coubard Saccade and vergence eye movements: a review of motor and premotor commands European Journal of Neuroscience 38
The behavior and neural underpinnings of saccade and vergence eye movements have been subjected to considerable investigations and findings. We review psychophysical and neurophysiological literature and show that motor and premotor neurons are both capable of monocular and/or binocular commands. This bridges apparently incompatible viewpoints of Hering and Helmholtz describing a complex phenomenon – binocular coordination – reconciling neo- Heringian and neo- Helmholtzian psychophysiologists.
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