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Joe N. Perry, Yann Devos, Salvatore Arpaia, Detlef Bartsch, Christina Ehlert, Achim Gathmann, Rosemary S. Hails, Niels B. Hendriksen, Jozsef Kiss, Antoine Messéan, Sylvie Mestdagh, Gerd Neemann, Marco Nuti, Jeremy B. Sweet and Christoph C. Tebbe Estimating the effects of Cry1F Bt-maize pollen on non-target Lepidoptera using a mathematical model of exposure Journal of Applied Ecology 49

Version of Record online: 11 NOV 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02083.x

Mitigation measures of risks of Bt-maize to sensitive larvae of non-target lepidopteran species can be effective, but depend on host-plant densities which are in turn affected by weed-management regimes. We discuss the relevance for management of maize events where cry1F is combined (stacked) with a herbicide-tolerance trait. This exemplifies how interactions between biota may occur when different traits are stacked irrespective of interactions between the proteins themselves and highlights the importance of accounting for crop management in the assessment of the ecological impact of GM plants.

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