Kevin A. Solarik, W. Jan A. Volney, Victor J. Lieffers, John R. Spence and Andreas Hamann Factors affecting white spruce and aspen survival after partial harvest Journal of Applied Ecology 49
Where live trees are critical elements of wildlife habitat, forest managers should maintain ≥50% in retention harvest systems. At lower levels of retention (≤20%), mortality can be reduced if foresters select retention trees that are stout, possess large live crowns and are small to intermediate in size. These factors can be used to help design partial harvest systems for effective biodiversity conservation strategies.
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