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Joseph M. Northrup, Justin Pitt, Tyler B. Muhly, Gordon B. Stenhouse, Marco Musiani and Mark S. Boyce Vehicle traffic shapes grizzly bear behaviour on a multiple-use landscape Journal of Applied Ecology 49

Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02180.x

Grizzly bear responses to traffic caused a departure from typical behavioural patterns, with bears in our study being largely nocturnal. In addition, bears selected private agricultural land, which had lower traffic levels, but higher road density, over multi-use public land. These results improve our understanding of bear responses to roads and can be used to refine management practices. Future management plans should employ a multi-pronged approach aimed at limiting both road density and traffic in core habitats. Access management will be critical in such plans and is an important tool for conserving threatened wildlife populations.

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