Pawel Plonczkier and Ian C. Simms Radar monitoring of migrating pink-footed geese: behavioural responses to offshore wind farm development Journal of Applied Ecology 49
Migratory geese responded to offshore wind farms by adopting strong horizontal and vertical avoidance behaviour. For the first time, wind farm avoidance rates have been recorded for pink-footed geese, and these rates will allow more robust impact assessments to be undertaken for both this species and waterfowl in general. Remote sensing techniques should be used to undertake long-term impact assessments at offshore wind farms to provide an evidence-base for assessing the mortality risk for migratory birds.
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