Chloé Guerbois, Eunice Chapanda and Hervé Fritz Combining multi-scale socio-ecological approaches to understand the susceptibility of subsistence farmers to elephant crop raiding on the edge of a protected area Journal of Applied Ecology 49
Article first published online: 20 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02192.x
This paper provides evidence that multi-scale multidisciplinary approaches can unravel endogenous processes shaping human–elephant coexistence on the edge of protected areas. We believe that manipulating perceived risks for elephants, through mitigation methods based on the ‘ecology of fear’, and spatial organization of households, could create a ‘soft fence’ which, when combined with adequate incentives to farmers, promotes a better integration of the protected area in its territory.
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