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Roberto Lent, Frederico A. C. Azevedo, Carlos H. Andrade-Moraes and Ana V. O. Pinto How many neurons do you have? Some dogmas of quantitative neuroscience under revision European Journal of Neuroscience 35

Version of Record online: 13 DEC 2011 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07923.x

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Owing to methodological shortcomings and a certain conservatism that consolidates wrong assumptions in the literature, some dogmas have become established and reproduced in papers and textbooks, derived from quantitative features of the brain. The first dogma states that the cerebral cortex is the pinnacle of brain evolution – based on the observations that its volume is greater in more ‘intelligent’ species, and that cortical surface area grows more than any other brain region, to reach the largest proportion in higher primates and humans.

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