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Peter Dayan Instrumental vigour in punishment and reward European Journal of Neuroscience 35

Version of Record online: 4 APR 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-9568.2012.08026.x

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Recent notions about the vigour of responding in operant conditioning suggest that the long-run average rate of reward should control the alacrity of action in cases in which the actual cost of speed is balanced against the opportunity cost of sloth. This paper considers the generalization of this to the case of potentially avoidable punishment, depriving predictions for behaviour and the activity of dopaminergic and serotonergic neuromodulation.

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