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Ines Wilhelm, Maila Metzkow-Mészàros, Susanne Knapp and Jan Born Sleep-dependent consolidation of procedural motor memories in children and adults: the pre-sleep level of performance matters Developmental Science 15

Version of Record online: 5 APR 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2012.01146.x

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In striking contrast to adults, in children sleep following training a motor task did not induce the expected (offline) gain in motor skill performance in previous studies. Children normally perform at distinctly lower levels than adults. Moreover, evidence in adults suggests that sleep dependent offline gains in skill essentially depend on the pre-sleep level of performance. Against this background, we asked whether improving children’s performance on a motor sequence learning task by extended training to levels approaching those of adults would enable sleep-associated gains in motor skill in this age group also.

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