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Peter Gies, Jennifer Makin, Suzanne Dobbinson, John Javorniczky, Stuart Henderson, Robert Guilfoyle and Jordan Lock Shade Provision for Toddlers at Swimming Pools in Melbourne Photochemistry and Photobiology 89

Article first published online: 20 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/php.12078

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This study assessed the UVR protection provided by shade structures over toddler pools at swimming pool centers in Melbourne, Australia using both UV sensitive film and handheld UV meters. The UV meter measurements showed the UV protection varied with position under the shade structure as well as with time of day. The UVR protection provided by the shade structures depended on factors such as location, size, and materials used and ranged from a protection factor (PF) of 2 to ca 16 for larger structures. Improvements to provide adequate protection and further reduce UV exposures are required and recommended.

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