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Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Preparation and characterization of novel crosslinked poly[glycidyl methacrylate–poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] as gel polymer electrolytes

Authors

  • Dan Luo,

    1. Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
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  • Yang Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
    • Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
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  • Mujie Yang

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
    • Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Ministry of Education, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
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Abstract

In this study, glycidyl methacrylate was copolymerized with poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate to obtain a copolymer {poly[glycidyl methacrylate–poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate] [P(GMA–PEGMA)]}, which was crosslinked with α,ω-diamino poly(propylene oxide) (Jeffamine) at various weight ratios and molecular weights to form novel gel polymer electrolytes (GPEs). The crosslinked copolymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis. The crosslinked polymers were amorphous in the pristine state and became crystallized after they were doped with lithium electrolyte. Furthermore, the crosslinking degree of the crosslinked polymers increased with increasing weight ratio of Jeffamine, and both the swelling properties and mechanical behaviors of the crosslinked polymers were heavily affected by the weight ratio and molecular weight of Jeffamine. The ionic conductivity (σ) of the GPEs from the crosslinked copolymers was determined by alternating-current impedance spectroscopy. A higher molecular weight and increased weight ratio of Jeffamine resulted in a higher σ. The GPE based on P(GMA–PEGMA) crosslinked with an equal weight of Jeffamine D2000 exhibited the highest σ of 8.29 × 10−4 S/cm at 25°C and had a moderate mechanical strength. These crosslinked copolymers could be potential candidates for the construction of rechargeable lithium batteries. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2011

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