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Radio Science

Backscattering from a statistically rough 2‐D surface: Diffraction corrections to geometrical optics cross sections

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Abstract

[1] Diffraction corrections (up to terms ∼1/k2) to the geometric optics backscattering cross sections from a statistically rough 2‐D perfectly conducting surface were derived for TE‐ and TM‐polarized electromagnetic waves based on the high‐frequency asymptotic expansions of electric and magnetic fields at the surface obtained by Fuks (2004). It was shown that at steep incident angles, where the specular reflections play the main part in scattering, diffraction results can be interpreted as scattering by a fictitious surface, the roughness of which is gentler that the real surface at HH polarization and steeper at VV polarization. The HH/VV polarization ratio (dB), being positive at steep incident angles, gradually decreases as the incident angle increases, and it becomes negative for moderate incident angles.

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