Biphalin, a synthetic opioid peptide with a broad affinity for all opioid receptors (δ, μ, and κ) and high antinociceptive activity, has been under extensive study as a potential analgesic drug. This study presents the synthesis and biological properties of four new analogues of biphalin containing amphiphilic α-alkylserines in position 2 and 2′. The incorporation of bulky α,α-disubstituted amino acids in the peptide chain using standard peptide chemistry is often unsuccessful. We synthesized depsipeptides, and then, the desired peptides were obtained by internal O,N-migration of the acyl residue from the hydroxyl to the amino group under mild basic conditions. The potency and selectivity of the new analogues were evaluated by a competitive receptor-binding assay in the rat brain using [3H]DAMGO (a μ ligand) and [3H]DELT (a δ ligand). Their binding affinity is strongly dependent on the chirality of α-alkylserine, as analogues containing (R)-α-alkylserines displayed higher μ receptor affinity and selectivity than those incorporating the (S)-isomers.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.