Chapter 4.2 Symbols for plane groups (two‐dimensional space groups)

Space‐group symmetry

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 4. Synoptic tables of space‐group symbols

  1. E. F. Bertaut

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000508

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Bertaut, E. F. 2006. Symbols for plane groups (two‐dimensional space groups). International Tables for Crystallography. A:4:4.2:61.

Author Information

  1. Laboratoire de Cristallographie, CNRS, Grenoble, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006



Chapters 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3 contain extensive explanations and tabulations of the various types of space‐group symbols. Chapter 4.2 presents a table with the short, full and extended symbols for the 17 plane groups, including symbols for the tetragonal c and the hexagonal h cell.


  • plane groups;
  • symbols;
  • symmetry elements;
  • group–subgroup relations