Chapter 4.1 Radiations used in crystallography

Mathematical, physical and chemical tables

First Online Edition (2006)

Part 4. Production and properties of radiations

  1. V. Valvoda

Published Online: 1 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000591

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Valvoda, V. 2006. Radiations used in crystallography. International Tables for Crystallography. C:4:4.1:186–190.

Author Information

  1. Department of Physics of Semiconductors, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Praha 2, Czech Republic

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JAN 2006



A review of the different kinds of radiations used in crystallography is presented. Equations for some of the fundamental properties of electromagnetic waves and particles are given. The different properties of the most frequently used radiations in crystallography (X‐rays, electrons and neutrons) are tabulated. Special applications of X‐rays, synchrotron radiation, γ‐rays, electrons and neutrons are discussed. Other radiations, including atomic and molecular beams, positrons and muons, and infrared, visible and ultraviolet light, are also briefly considered.


  • atomic beams;
  • electromagnetic waves;
  • gamma rays;
  • microwaves;
  • molecular beams;
  • muons;
  • particles;
  • positrons;
  • spectroscopy;
  • synchrotron radiation;
  • ultraviolet radiation;
  • wavelengths;
  • X‐rays