Chapter

Chapter 18.6 CNS, a program system for structure‐determination and refinement

Crystallography of biological macromolecules

Second Online Edition (2012)

Part 18. Refinement

  1. A. T. Brunger1,
  2. P. D. Adams2,
  3. W. L. DeLano3,
  4. P. Gros4,
  5. R. W. Grosse‐Kunstleve2,
  6. J.‐S. Jiang5,
  7. N. S. Pannu6,
  8. R. J. Read7,
  9. L. M. Rice8,
  10. T. Simonson9

Published Online: 14 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1107/97809553602060000860

International Tables for Crystallography

International Tables for Crystallography

How to Cite

Brunger, A. T., Adams, P. D., DeLano, W. L., Gros, P., Grosse‐Kunstleve, R. W., Jiang, J.-S., Pannu, N. S., Read, R. J., Rice, L. M. and Simonson, T. 2012. CNS, a program system for structure‐determination and refinement. International Tables for Crystallography. F:18:18.6:512–519.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, and Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), Stanford University, 1201 Welch Road, MSLS P210, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

  2. 2

    The Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA

  3. 3

    Graduate Group in Biophysics, Box 0448, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA

  4. 4

    Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands

  5. 5

    Protein Data Bank, Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973–5000, USA

  6. 6

    Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G1

  7. 7

    Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust Centre for Molecular Mechanisms in Disease, CIMR, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, England

  8. 8

    Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA

  9. 9

    Laboratoire de Biologie Structurale (CNRS), IGBMC, 1 rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch (CU de Strasbourg), France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 APR 2012

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Abstract

The Crystallography & NMR System (CNS) is described.

Keywords:

  • CNS;
  • Crystallography & NMR System;
  • structure determination