Journal of Surgical Oncology

Cover image for Vol. 113 Issue 8

Edited By: Stephen F. Sener, MD

Impact Factor: 3.244

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2014: 29/198 (Surgery); 87/211 (Oncology)

Online ISSN: 1096-9098

Author Guidelines

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Journal of Surgical Oncology Author Guidelines (PDF)
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The Journal of Surgical Oncology publishes peer reviewed, original papers in the field of surgical oncology and broadly related surgical sciences, including reports on experimental and laboratory studies related to surgical oncology, as well as brief technical innovations (“How I Do it”) and Letters to the Editor. The Journal discourages submission of case reports. Authors may be offered the option of having their case report automatically transferred for consideration by Wiley's Open Access Clinical Case Reports journal (

All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Surgical Oncology must be submitted solely to this Journal and may not have been published in any part or form in another publication of any type, professional or lay, except as an abstract of a meeting presentation.

This journal works together with Wiley’s Open Access Journal, Cancer Medicine, to enable rapid publication of good quality research that is unable to be accepted for publication by our journal. Authors may be offered the option of having the paper, along with any related peer reviews, automatically transferred for consideration by the Editor of Cancer Medicine. Authors will not need to reformat or rewrite their manuscript at this stage, and publication decisions will be made a short time after the transfer takes place. The Editor of Cancer Medicine will accept submissions that report well-conducted research which reaches the standard acceptable for publication. Cancer Medicine is a Wiley Open Access journal and article publication fees apply. For more information please go to


JSO uses online submission and peer review system ScholarOne Manuscripts for the processing of all manuscripts. To submit your manuscript online, please follow the steps below:

1. Prepare your submission files according to the scientific and style instructions of the journal, given on this page. These are also accessible on the submission site under “Instructions and Forms.”

2. If you have not already done so, create an account for yourself at the submission site, by clicking on the "Create an Account" button. To monitor the progress of your manuscript throughout the review process, just login periodically and check your Author Center.

3. Let the system guide you through the submission process. You are able to exit/re-enter the process at any stage before finally “submitting” your work. All submissions are kept strictly confidential. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Office at

4. All co-authors must be listed during electronic submission, or the article will be returned to the submitting author without peer review. The submitting author will receive correspondence during the submission and review process. NOTE: After acceptance, the corresponding author listed on the title page of the manuscript file will receive all correspondence about copyrights, galley proofs, and publication details.

5. Provide a cover letter in the “Details & Comments” section online submission form. Note that a Disclosure Statement is required in this section. All authors must disclose any affiliations that they consider to be relevant and important with any organization that to any author’s knowledge has a direct interest, particularly a financial interest, in the subject matter or materials discussed. Such affiliations include, but are not limited to, employment by an industrial concern, ownership of stock, membership on a standing advisory counsel or committee, being on the board of directors, or being publicly associated with a company or its products. Other areas of real or perceived conflict of interest would include receiving honoraria or consulting fees or receiving grants or funds from such corporations or individuals representing such corporations. This requirement will apply to every sort of article submitted to the Journal, including original research, reviews, editorials, letters to the editor, or any others, and should be disclosed at the time of submission in the cover letter. This information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review. It will not be shared with peer reviewers, and it will not influence the editorial decision to accept or reject the manuscript. When an article is accepted for publication, the editors will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is presented. All editorial correspondence should be sent to


Manuscript File
      • Use the following sources as guidelines for manuscript preparation: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals [1] and, for the abbreviation of journal titles in the references, List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus [2].
      • Manuscripts must be submitted in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) format. Do not embed tables or figures. Please include the title page, abstract, main body, references, acknowledgements, and figure legends in a single file. Refrain from complex formatting; the Publisher will style your manuscript according to journal specifications.
      • It is strongly recommended that authors whose first language is not English arrange for their manuscript to be written in idiomatic and grammatically correct English prior to submission. Manuscripts can be rejected solely on the basis of poor English. American, rather than British, spelling is preferred. If a manuscript requires English editing, authors may consider submitting the paper to Wiley’s English Language Editing Service at Note that while this service will greatly improve the readability of your paper, it does not guarantee acceptance. Fee for service.

Title page. The first page of the manuscript must contain: 1) The complete title of the paper based on the subject matter. 2) The names and academic degrees of each author. (NOTE: List no more than 10 authors. For a more extensive authorship, consult with the Editor-in-Chief.) 3) The name(s) of the institution(s) where the study was performed. 4) The corresponding author’s name, complete address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address. If there is a different address (and name) for reprint requests, please supply it. 5) A shortened title of not more than 40 characters to serve as a running head. 6) The name and grant number (if any) of any source of financial support for the study. (Other acknowledgments must be supplied at the end of the manuscript, as the last element of the text, before the references.)

Disclosures and Funding Sources. All information on support and financial issues from all authors relevant to the research covered in the submitted manuscript must be disclosed. Corporate funding for research covered in the submitted manuscript should also be noted here.

Synopsis for Table of Contents. All Research Articles and Review Articles must include a brief (1-3 sentences) summary on the title page.

Abstracts. No Abstract is required for How I Do It contributions, Guest Editorials, and Letters to the Editor. Scientific and clinical Research Articles must include factual Abstract of not more than 200 words, structured under the subheadings: Background and Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. Review Articles must have a factual, unstructured Abstract of no more than 75 words.

Key words. Following the Abstract, supply a list of 3-6 key words or phrases, to supplement those already appearing in the title of the paper, to be used for indexing purposes. Use terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list [3] of Index Medicus; if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available for recently introduced terms, use terms commonly known. Please also refer to the suggestions for Search Engine Optimization (SEO) at the end of this page.

Main Text. The text should have the following format: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Use subheadings and paragraph titles whenever possible. Letters of permission must be submitted with any material that has previously been published.

Previously Published Material. Figures, tables, or direct quotes of more than 250 words of text or such amended material must be accompanied by letters of permission from the copyright holder (usually the original publisher).

Attention: Please note manuscript submissions are now submitted for plagiarism detection through CrossCheck.

Ethics: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether informed consent has been obtained and procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (Institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or the National Research Council’s guide for, or any national law on, the care of and use of laboratory animals was followed.

References. In the text, references should be cited as full-size numerals in square brackets. In the final list, they should conform to Index Medicus style, contain inclusive page numbers, and be in numerical order. References that are cited first or only in tables or figures should be numbered by where that table or figure is cited in the text. Accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author. List all authors for up to four authors. For five or more authors, list the first three authors followed by "et al." Note the following examples:

Journal Articles
1. Nozuc M, Lee I, Manning JM, et al.: Oxygenation in tumors by modified hemoglobins. J Surg Oncol 1996;62:109-114.

2. Bollack CG, Jacqmin D (eds). Basic Research and Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1990.

Chapters in Books
3. Katzner M, Schvingt E: Operative treatment of bone metastases secondary to renal carcinoma. In Bollack CG, Jacqmin D (eds). Basic Research and Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1990:151-168.

4. Abstract in a meeting program: Mendez MF, Manoc-Espalliar R, Lanska DJ, Burstine TH: Epilepsy and suicide attempts [abstract]. In American Academy of Neurology 41st annual meeting program: 1989 Apr 13–19: Chicago. Cleveland (OH): Edgefl Communications. 1989:295. Abstract PP369. 5. Abstract in a journal Issue: Fohrman SA, Joinor KA: Binding of the third component of complement C3 by Taxoplasma gondii [abstract]. Clin Res 1987;35:475A.

Figure Legends. This section contains descriptive legends typed in double spacing for each illustration. Legends must define all abbreviations and acronyms used in the figure. Any permissions should also be stated here.

Journal Style Notes:

-All material, including references, must be double spaced and have generous margins.
-Number all pages in sequence: title page, synopsis, abstract plus key words, text, references, figure legends, tables, and figures.
-Manuscripts must be thoroughly checked for accuracy of all mathematical calculations, typing of numerals, spelling and typographical errors, and conformance to journal style.
-State whether P values are derived from either one-tailed or two-tailed tests. Exact P values must be supplied.
-When it is necessary to mention the trade names of equipment, instruments, or supplies, the name of the supplier, city, state, or country, must be given, and the trade name must be noted with either trademark (®) or the register mark (®). Use generic names whenever possible.
-In the text, all results quoted as percentages must show both the numerators and the denominators.
-Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume are reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, liter, etc.) or their decimal equivalents. Temperatures are given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressure is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements are reported in the metric system using the International System of Units (IS).
-Acronyms should be used only if they are broadly recognized and absolutely essential. They must be defined at the first mention (in the title, synopsis, abstract, text, etc.). If acronyms are used, provide a list of the acronym and description before the reference section.

Table Files. Each table must be in a separate Word file (.doc or .docx), named by table number (i.e., Table 1, Table 2, etc.). Tables must have a fully explanatory title. Number each table with Roman numerals in order of appearance and cite them by number in the text. The use of acronyms should be avoided unless they are essential. If used, they should be defined in a footnote.

Figure Files. Each file must contain a single figure and be named by figure number (ie, Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Individually uploaded panels (A, B) will not be accepted. Figures can be in TIF, EPS, JPEG, PDF, or PNG format, but must meet the resolution requirements outlined below:

• 1200 dpi for line art (simple bar graphs, charts, or nonphotographic artwork)
• 600 dpi for combination halftones (photographs that also contain line art such as labeling or thin lines)
• 300 dpi for halftones (black and white photographs) and color figures
NOTE: These resolutions refer to the output size of the file; if you anticipate that your images will be enlarged or reduced, resolutions should be adjusted accordingly. The text of a figure should be legible at full size (100% zoom).

Color Policy & Charges: Figures will be published online in color at no cost. However, publishing color figures in the print edition of the journal will require that the author(s) bear the following cost: $850 per figure.

As an author, you are responsible for obtaining written permission to republish or reproduce all previously published and copyrighted material—in print and other media—from the publisher of the original source.

Human subjects. If photographs of human subjects are used, a copy of a signed consent form must accompany the manuscript. Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material.

Supplemental Files.


Commentary. Invited commentary of an accepted manuscript. Text must be less than 1 double-spaced page and contain no references.

Editorial. Invited editorial of an accepted manuscript. Text must be 3-5 double-spaced pages and contain less than 5 references.

Letters to the Editor. Brief reports or letters regarding articles published in the Journal, concisely written in an objective, constructive fashion, will be considered for publication. The Editor reserves the right to shorten text, delete objectionable comments, and make any other changes that may be necessary to comply with the style of the journal. The Editor may forward Letters to the Editor to the corresponding author of the article under discussion to afford an opportunity for rebuttal. The paper under discussion must be listed first in the reference list. If necessary, one figure and one table prepared in accordance with journal guidelines may be included. Up to 10 references may be included, typed double spaced on a separate page. Authors should indicate their permission for publication of their letters in a postscript to the body of the letter. Brief reports with more than one author should carry a postscript stating that all authors are familiar with the contents of the report and agree to its publication. No abstract is required.

Case Reports. Case reports are peer-reviewed and generally not published unless they represent a new technique or an oncologic concept of significant merit. Reports should not exceed 1,000 words, not including abstract and references. There should be a maximum of 2 images and/or tables. The abstract should not exceed 100 words, and there should be no more than 5 references. Case reports judged to be acceptable are published in both print and online versions of the Journal.

How I Do It. Brief communications of authors' innovations in clinical or research techniques that simplify procedures or improve results are invited. Authors should briefly state the problem, describe the solution, and give a short summary of the results, where appropriate. These manuscripts should be clearly marked as "How I Do It," typed double spaced throughout, and submitted in complete triplicate. Acronyms should be used only if absolutely essential and should be defined. When it is necessary to mention trade names of equipment, instruments, or supplies, the name of the supplier, city, state, and countries must be mentioned, and trade names must be noted with TM or ®. If techniques are described, appropriate high-quality illustrations should accompany the manuscript.

Research Article. Text must be within 20 double-spaced pages, excluding the title page and Abstract, but including references. Abstract must be within 200 words and formatted with the following headings: Background and Methods, Results, Conclusions, and Discussion.

Review Article. A review of a specific topic of current interest, most commonly found in Seminars to Surgical Oncology. Text must be within 20 double-spaced pages, including references. An unformatted abstract must be included with no more than 75 words.

Inappropriate Submissions and Publications

The editors, members of the editorial board, and publisher's staff at the Journal of Surgical Oncology (JSO) take their responsibility seriously to assure that the highest ethical publishing standards are maintained by assisting in safe guarding the medical scientific literature against fraudulent publications. Please note manuscript submissions are now submitted for plagiarism detection through CrossCheck. Wiley-Blackwell policy is based on the "Guidelines on Good Publication Practice" published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and can be found at

Examples of fraud in scientific research include (but are not limited to): 1) The submission of duplicate publications using similar data (ie, attesting that work submitted is original when, in fact, it was submitted to or accepted by another journal); 2) Falsification of data, copyright, or information regarding conflict of interest; 3) Submission of work from other sources that was not done by the author (plagiarism); 4) Authorship (allowing one’s name to appear as an author or adding an author to a manuscript) without substantial input or without having agreed to submission of the manuscript.

The above examples are not meant to be a comprehensive list of fraudulent publication practices. Rather, it should provide adequate basis for careful consideration of avoidable conflicts and editorial scrutiny regarding inappropriate preparation and submission of manuscripts.

Manuscripts that have appeared in publications that are not peer-reviewed, are not registered in PubMed, or are available only on the Internet, will be considered for publication in JSO as long as the Editor is informed and grants approval prior to submission of the manuscript for review. If there are questions as to any issues regarding in appropriate submission, the Editor should be consulted prior to the submission (

If a submitted or published manuscript is discovered or suspected to be inappropriate, the authors will be asked for a written explanation. If the rationale provided by the authors remains unsatisfactory in the judgment of the editors, the manuscript will be rejected or retracted. Retractions become a matter of public record and are registered in PubMed. The provost (or equivalent) of the authors' academic institutions will be informed of inappropriate submissions or publications, and the authors will not be allowed to subsequently submit their research to JSO. The leadership of JSO will also inform the editors and publishers of other journals which have published manuscripts judged to be inappropriately submitted to JSO.


Copyright. If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Wiley’s Author Services; where, via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS), they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

Note to NIH Grantees. Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

Search Engine Optimization. Driving usage and readership is critically important to raising the visibility of your published research. One of the key factors in sustaining long-term usage is through search engine optimization (SEO). Below is a list of suggested ways of maximizing your SEO.

1. Make sure your article title is SEO-friendly. It should be descriptive, and it must include a key phrase from your topic. Key words should appear within the title’s first 65 characters.
2. Provide up to five topic-specific key words or phrases in the key word field.
3. Be sure your key words and phrases appear in your abstract several times, but don’t go overboard or the search engine may kick you out.
4. When referencing authors, be consistent. Use their names as they generally appear in past online publications.
5. When appropriate, use your key words in article section headings. Remember: They can’t read it if they can’t find it!

For more detailed information on SEO, including helpful examples, go to

OnlineOpen is available to authors who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers upon publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pats a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper to OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance, there is no requirement to inform the Editorial Office that you intend to publish your article OnlineOpen if you do not wish. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial - No Derivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of the open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services at and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by the Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK), you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license, supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and RCUK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors, click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license.

Creative Commons Attribution OAA.
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services at and visit


1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. N Engl J Med 1997;336:309-315. Available at: or
2. National Library of Medicine: List of journals indexed in Index Medicus. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office (published annually). Available at:
3. National Library of Medicine: Medical subject headings. Supplement to Index Medicus. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office (published annually). Available at: