Journal of Surgical Oncology

Cover image for Vol. 110 Issue 5

Edited By: Stephen F. Sener, MD

Impact Factor: 2.843

ISI Journal Citation Reports © Ranking: 2013: 33/202 (Surgery); 92/202 (Oncology)

Online ISSN: 1096-9098

Associated Title(s): Seminars in Surgical Oncology

Author Guidelines

NIH Public Access Mandate
For those interested in the Wiley policy on the NIH Public Access Mandate, please visit our policy statement

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Author Guidelines

Guidelines for Electronic Submission

Inappropriate Submissions and Publications

The Journal of Surgical Oncology publishes peer reviewed, original papers in the field of surgical oncology and broadly related surgical sciences, including reports on experimental and laboratory studies related to surgical oncology, as well as brief technical innovations (‘‘How I Do it’’) and Letters to the Editor. The Journal discourages submission of case reports.

All manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Surgical Oncology must be submitted solely to this Journal and may not have been published in any part or form in another publication of any type, professional or lay, except as an abstract of a meeting presentation.

Online Submission and Peer Review

The Journal of Surgical Oncology is pleased to offer web-based submissions and peer review. To submit your manuscript online, please:

1. Prepare your manuscript and illustrations in appropriate format, according to the instructions given at under the "Instructions and Forms" button. Please also be sure that your paper conforms to the scientific and style instructions of the journal, given below.

2. If you have not already done so, create an account for yourself in the system at the submission site, by clicking on the "Create an Account" button. To monitor the progress of your manuscript throughout the review process, just login periodically and check your Author Center.

3. Let the system guide you through the submission process. You are able to exit/re-enter the process at any stage before finally “submitting” your work. All submissions are kept strictly confidential. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the Editorial Office at

Disclosure statement. All authors must disclose any affiliations that they consider to be relevant and important with any organization that to any author’s knowledge has a direct interest, particularly a financial interest. In the subject matter or materials discussed. Such affiliations include, but are not limited to, employment by an industrial concern, ownership of stock, membership on a standing advisory counsel or committee, being on the board of directors, or being publicly associated with a company or its products. Other areas of real or perceived conflict of interest would include receiving honoraria or consulting fees or receiving grants or funds from such corporations or individuals representing such corporations. This requirement will apply to every sort of article submitted to the Journal, including original research, reviews, editorials, letters to the editor, or any others, and should be disclosed at the time of submission. The cover letter must describe any conflict of interest. This information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review. It will not be shared with peer reviewers, and it will not influence the editorial decision to accept or reject the manuscript. When an article is accepted for publication, the editors will usually discuss with the authors the manner in which such information is presented. All editorial correspondence should be sent to JSO Editorial Receiving Office, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, 8th floor, Hoboken, NJ 07030 (fax: 201-748- 8852; e-mail:

Preparation of Manuscripts

General. Use the following sources as guidelines for manuscript preparation: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. [1] and, for the abbreviation of journal titles in the references, List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus [2]. It is strongly recommended that authors whose first language is not English arrange for their manuscript to be written in idiomatic and grammatically correct English prior to submission. Manuscripts can be rejected solely on the basis of poor English. American, rather than British, spelling is preferred.

All material, including references, must be double spaced and have generous margins. Acronyms should be used only if absolutely essential and must be defined at the first mention in the title, synopsis, abstract, text, figure legends, and tables. State whether P values are derived from either one-tailed or two-tailed tests. Exact P values must be supplied. When it is necessary to mention the trade names of equipment, instruments, or supplies, the name of the supplier, city, state, or country, must be given, and the trade name must be noted with either trademark (®) or the register mark (®). Use generic names whenever possible. Begin each part of the manuscript at the top of a new page. Number all pages in sequence: title page, synopsis, abstract plus key words, text, references, figure legends, tables, and figures. Manuscripts must be thoroughly checked for accuracy of all mathematical calculations, typing of numerals, spelling and typographical errors, and conformance to journal style. In the text, all results quoted as percentages must show both the numerators and the denominators.

Search Engine Optimization. Driving usage and readership is critically important to raising the visibility of your published research. One of the key factors in sustaining long-term usage is through search engine optimization (SEO). Below is a list of suggested ways of maximizing your SEO.

1. Make sure your article title is SEO-friendly. It should be descriptive, and it must include a key phrase from your topic. Key words should appear within the title’s first 65 characters.
2. Provide up to five topic-specific key words or phrases in the key word field.
3. Be sure your key words and phrases appear in your abstract several times, but don’t go overboard or the search engine may kick you out.
4. When referencing authors, be consistent. Use their names as they generally appear in past online publications.
5. When appropriate, use your key words in article section headings.
Remember: They can’t read it if they can’t find it!

For more detailed information on SEO, including helpful examples, go to

Title page (Page 1 of all manuscripts, including Editorials, Letters to the Editor, and How I Do It contributions). This should contain the complete title of the paper based on the subject matter, the names and academic degrees of each author, and the name(s) of the institution(s) where the study was performed. The title page also carries the corresponding author’s name, complete address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address. If there is a different address (and name) for reprint requests, please supply it. List no more than 10 authors. For a more extensive authorship, consult with the Editor-in-Chief. Supply a shortened title of not more than 40 characters to serve as a running head. Supply the name and grant number (if any) of any source of financial support for the study. Other acknowledgments must be supplied at the end of the manuscript, as the last element of the text, before the references.

Synopsis for Table of Contents. A 1- to 3-sentence synopsis must be supplied for scientific and clinical research papers.

Abstracts (Page 3). Scientific and Clinical Research Papers. A factual, structured abstract of not more than 200 words, under the subheadings: Background and Objectives, Methods, Results, and Conclusions must be provided.

Review Articles. A short, factual abstract of not more than 75 words must be included with the manuscript.

How I Do It contributions, Guest Editorials, and Letters to the Editor. No abstract is required.

Key words. Following the Abstract, supply a list of three to six key words or key phrases, to supplement those already appearing in the title of the paper, to be used for indexing purposes. Use terms from the medical subject headlings (MeSH) list [3] of Index Medicus; if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available for recently introduced terms, use terms commonly known.

Text. The text should have the following format: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Use subheadings and paragraph titles whenever possible. If photographs of human subjects are used, a copy of a signed consent form must accompany the manuscript. Letters of permission must be submitted with any material that has previously been published. Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume are reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, liter, etc.) or their decimal equivalents. Temperatures are given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressure is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Hematologic and clinical chemistry measurements are reported in the metric system using the International System of Units (IS). Acronyms should only be used if they are broadly recognized. All other acronyms must be spelled out in the title and text. If acronyms are used, provide a list of the acronym and description before the reference section. Acronyms should only be used if they are broadly recognized. All other acronyms must be spelled out in the title and text.

Ethics: When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether informed consent has been obtained and procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (Institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or the National Research Council’s guide for, or any national law on, the care of and use of laboratory animals was followed.


In the text, references must be cited as full-size numerals in square brackets. In the final list, they should conform to Index Medicus style, contain inclusive page numbers, and be in numerical order. References that are cited first or only in tables or figures should be numbered by where that table or figure is cited in the text. Accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author. List all authors for up to four authors. For five or more authors, list the first three authors followed by "et al." Note the following examples:

Journal Articles

1. Nozuc M, Lee I, Manning JM, et al.: Oxygenation in tumors by modified hemoglobins. J Surg Oncol 1996;62:109-114.


2. Bollack CG, Jacqmin D (eds). Basic Research and Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1990.

Chapters in Books

3. Katzner M, Schvingt E: Operative treatment of bone metastases secondary to renal carcinoma. In Bollack CG, Jacqmin D (eds). Basic Research and Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1990:151-168.


4. Abstract in a meeting program: Mendez MF, Manoc-Espalliar R, Lanska DJ, Burstine TH: Epilepsy and suicide attempts [abstract]. In American Academy of Neurology 41st annual meeting program: 1989 Apr 13–19: Chicago. Cleveland (OH): Edgefl Communications. 1989:295. Abstract PP369. 5. Abstract in a journal Issue: Fohrman SA, Joinor KA: Binding of the third component of complement C3 by Taxoplasma gondii [abstract]. Clin Res 1987;35:475A.

Tables. Each table must have a fully explanatory title stating the disease and/or study involved. Tables should be numbered with Roman numerals in order of appearance and be cited by number in the text. The use of acronyms should be avoided unless they are essential. If used, they should be defined in a footnote to the Table. Each table should be on a separate page.

Figure Legends. This section contains descriptive legends typed in double spacing for each illustration. Legends must define all abbreviations and acronyms used in the figure.

Previously Published Material. Figures, tables, or direct quotes of more than 250 words of text or such amended material must be accompanied by letters of permission from the copyright holder (usually the original publisher).

Copyright. If your paper is accepted, the author identified as the formal corresponding author for the paper will receive an email prompting them to login into Author Services; where via the Wiley Author Licensing Service (WALS) they will be able to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors on the paper.

For authors signing the copyright transfer agreement
If the OnlineOpen option is not selected, the corresponding author will be presented with the copyright transfer agreement (CTA) to sign. The terms and conditions of the CTA can be previewed in the samples associated with the Copyright FAQs below:

CTA Terms and Conditions

For authors choosing OnlineOpen
If the OnlineOpen option is selected, the corresponding author will have a choice of the following Creative Commons License Open Access Agreements (OAA):

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License OAA
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial - No Derivs License OAA

To preview the terms and conditions of the open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services at and visit

If you select the OnlineOpen option and your research is funded by the Wellcome Trust and members of the Research Councils UK (RCUK), you will be given the opportunity to publish your article under a CC-BY license, supporting you in complying with Wellcome Trust and RCUK requirements. For more information on this policy and the Journal's compliant self-archiving policy, please visit:

For RCUK and Wellcome Trust authors, click on the link below to preview the terms and conditions of this license.

Creative Commons Attribution OAA.
To preview the terms and conditions of these open access agreements, please visit the Copyright FAQs hosted on Wiley Author Services at and visit

Case Reports. Manuscripts for this section should have a complete review of the literature as well as long-term follow up when appropriate. Limit Case Report submissions to 5 double spaced pages and 10 references..

Commentary. Invited commentary of an accepted manuscript. Text must be less than 1 double-spaced page and contain no references.

Editorial. Invited editorial of an accepted manuscript. Text must be 3 to 5 double-spaced pages and contain less than 5 references.

Guest Editorial: Invited editorial on a current topic of interest in oncology and surgery. Text must be 3 to 5 double-spaced pages and contain less than 5 references.

Letters to the Editor. Brief reports or letters regarding articles published in the Journal, concisely written in an objective, constructive fashion, will be considered for publication. The Editor reserves the right to shorten text, delete objectionable comments, and make any other changes that may be necessary to comply with the style of the journal. The Editor may forward Letters to the Editor to the corresponding author of the article under discussion to afford an opportunity for rebuttal. Letters to the Editor must be prepared in double spacing throughout and must have a title page showing the names, academic degrees, and affiliations of all authors, plus the full mailing address, fax and telephone numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author. The paper under discussion must be listed first in the reference list. If necessary, one figure and one table prepared in accordance with journal guidelines may be included. Up to 10 references may be included, typed double spaced on a separate page. Authors should indicate their permission for publication of their letters in a postscript to the body of the letter. Brief reports with more than one author should carry a postscript stating that all authors are familiar with the contents of the report and agree to its publication. No abstract is required.

How I Do It. Brief communications of authors' innovations in clinical or research techniques that simplify procedures or improve results are invited. Authors should briefly state the problem, describe the solution, and give a short summary of the results, where appropriate. These manuscripts should be clearly marked as "How I Do It," typed double spaced throughout, and submitted in complete triplicate. Title page information should be supplied as described above for regular manuscripts. Acronyms should be used only if absolutely essential and should be defined. When it is necessary to mention trade names of equipment, instruments, or supplies, the name of the supplier, city, state, and countries must be mentioned, and trade names must be noted with TM or ®. If techniques are described, appropriate high-quality illustrations in the form of glossy black-and-white photographs should accompany the manuscript.

Research Article. Text must be within 20 double-spaced pages, including references. Abstract must be within 200 words and formatted with the following headings: Background and Methods, Results, Conclusions, and Discussion.

Review Article. A review of a specific topic of current interest, most commonly found in Seminars to Surgical Oncology. Text must be within 20 double-spaced pages, including references. An unformatted abstract must be included with no more than 75 words.

Note to NIH Grantees. Pursuant to NIH mandate, Wiley-Blackwell will post the accepted version of contributions authored by NIH grant-holders to PubMed Central upon acceptance. This accepted version will be made publicly available 12 months after publication. For further information, see

Guidelines for Electronic Submission

Manuscripts may be submitted electronically to Attention: Please note manuscript submissions are now submitted for plagiarism detection through CrossCheck.

Software and format. Microsoft Word is preferred, although manuscripts prepared using any other microcomputer word processor are acceptable. Refrain from complex formatting; the Publisher will style your manuscript according to Journal of Surgical Oncology design specifications. Do not use desktop publishing software such as Aldus PageMaker or Quark XPress. If you prepared your manuscript using one of these programs, export the text to a word processing format. Please make sure your word processing program's "fast save" feature is turned off.

Author Information

All coauthors must be listed during electronic submission, or the article will be returned to the submitting author without peer review. By default, the submitting author is considered the corresponding author, unless otherwise noted. The corresponding author will receive all peer-review correspondence as well as galley proofs, if the manuscript is accepted for publication.

Length Limits. Commentaries should be less than one double-spaced page. Guest Editorials should be 3 to 5 pages. Research and Review Articles should be no more than 20 pages in length, including references.

File names. Submit the text and tables of a paper as a single file. Name the file with your last name (up to eight letters). Text files should be given the three-letter extension that identifies the file format. Macintosh users should maintain the MS-DOS "eight dot three" file-naming convention.

File Requirements

Text. Must be submitted in Word (DOC or RTF). Do not embed tables or figures. Please include the title page, synopsis, abstract, main body, references, acknowledgements, and figure legends in a single file.

Tables. Must be created using the Table tool in Word (DOC or RTF). Each table must be in a separate file, and the files should be named by table # (i.e., table 1, table 2, etc.).

Figures. Each file must contain a single figure and be named by figure # (ie, figure 1, figure 2, etc.). Files containing individual panels will not be accepted. Figures must be in TIF or EPS.

• 1200 dpi for line art (simple bar graphs, charts, or nonphotographic artwork)
• 600 dpi for combination halftones (photographs that also contain line art such as labeling or thin lines)
• 300 dpi for halftones (black and white photographs) and color figures
*Note: this journal now accepts Microsoft Word (docx) files.

File Names. Name the file with your last name followed by a period and the program’s three-letter extension.

Software and format. All illustration files should be in TIF or EPS (with preview) formats. Do not submit native application formats.

Resolution. Journal quality reproduction will require greyscale and color files at resolutions yielding approximately 300 ppi. Bitmapped line art should be submitted at resolutions yielding 600-1200 dpi. These resolutions refer to the output size of the file; if you anticipate that your images will be enlarged or reduced, resolutions should be adjusted accordingly.

File names. Illustration files should be given the 2- or 3-letter extension that identifies the file format used (i.e., TIF , EPS , etc.).

Inappropriate Submissions and Publications

The editors, members of the editorial board, and publisher's staff at the Journal of Surgical Oncology (JSO) take their responsibility seriously to assure that the highest ethical publishing standards are maintained by assisting in safe guarding the medical scientific literature against fraudulent publications. Please note manuscript submissions are now submitted for plagiarism detection through CrossCheck. Wiley-Blackwell policy is based on the "Guidelines on Good Publication Practice" published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and can be found at

            Examples of fraud in scientific research include (but are not limited to):

            1) The submission of duplicate publications using similar data (ie, attesting that work submitted is original when, in fact, it was submitted to or accepted by another journal);

            2) Falsification of data, copyright, or information regarding conflict of interest;

            3) Submission of work from other sources that was not done by the author (plagiarism);

            4) Authorship (allowing one’s name to appear as an author or adding an author to a manuscript) without substantial input or without having agreed to submission of the manuscript.

The above examples are not meant to be a comprehensive list of fraudulent publication practices. Rather, it should provide adequate basis for careful consideration of avoidable conflicts and editorial scrutiny regarding inappropriate preparation and submission of manuscripts.

Manuscripts that have appeared in publications that are not peer-reviewed, are not registered in Pub Med, or are available only on the internet, will be considered for publication in JSO as long as the Editor is informed and grants approval prior to submission of the manuscript for review.

If there are questions as to any issues regarding in appropriate submission, the Editor should be consulted prior to the submission.

If a submitted or published manuscript is discovered or suspected to be in appropriate, the authors will be asked for a written explanation. If the rationale provided by the authors remains unsatisfactory in the judgment of the editors, the manuscript will be rejected or retracted. Retractions become a matter of public record and are registered in Pub Med. The provost(or equivalent) of the authors' academic institutions will be informed of inappropriate submissions or publications, and the authors will not be allowed to subsequently submit their research to JSO. The leadership of JSO will also inform the editors and publishers of other journals which have published manuscripts judged to be inappropriately submitted to JSO.

OnlineOpen is available to authors of primary research articles who wish to make their article available to non-subscribers on publication, or whose funding agency requires grantees to archive the final version of their article. With OnlineOpen, the author, the author's funding agency, or the author's institution pats a fee to ensure that the article is made available to non-subscribers upon publication via Wiley Online Library, as well as deposited in the funding agency's preferred archive. For the full list of terms and conditions, see

Any authors wishing to send their paper to OnlineOpen will be required to complete the payment form available from our website at:

Prior to acceptance, there is no requirement to inform the Editorial Office that you intend to publish your article OnlineOpen if you do not wish. All OnlineOpen articles are treated in the same way as any other article. They go through the journal's standard peer-review process and will be accepted or rejected based on their own merit.

1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. N Engl J Med 1997;336:309-315. Available at: or
2. National Library of Medicine: List of journals indexed in Index Medicus. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office (published annually). Available at:
3. National Library of Medicine: Medical subject headings. Supplement to Index Medicus. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office (published annually). Available at:

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